photo: Peter Lewicki

The stage is that sacred place where all the arts come together and come to life before the eyes of the audience


On 27 March we celebrate World Theater Day. The credit for this important cultural initiative is the International Theater Institute.


In July, 1961, during the World Congress, held first in Helsinki and then in Vienna, Arvi Kiwimaa, then director of the Finnish Center for the International Theater Institute, tabled a proposal to introduce a day of the year in which the whole world the opportunity to show appreciation and respect for theater art.


The holiday creates a pleasant occasion for organizing any event related to the theater in national and international aspect. Tradition commands a distinguished person, from the theatrical or other fields of art, science or education, to share his most sincere ideas and concepts related to theater and its contribution to international harmony. The message is being translated into over 20 languages ​​so that tens of thousands of people from around the world can feel that day special. The message is entitled "Theater and Culture of Peace." It aims to excite people and inspire them to turn their eyes more often to the theater. The first World Theater Day message was written by renowned French creator Jean Cocteau in 1962. The day can also be celebrated with large-scale or more modest local theater performances.


The theater is the culture that infuses the vital energy of the nation.


Can a nation exist without theater? Maybe, of course, but what would it be? Closed to the world. Limited in outlook. Blind to spiritual aesthetics. Unable to appreciate the really important things in life. Captive of their own spiritual misery.


Without art in its many forms, the world would be gloomy and soulless.


The theater and its play man have always been able to touch the gentle strings of the human soul and awaken in it the emotions and desire for growth. The actor is like a poet with a pen in his hand, a musician with a guitar or an artist with a brush. He creates art by creating different live images in front of an audience. Some recognize themselves in these images, others see the person they (do not) want to be. The theater gives lessons, invites reflection, awakens feelings, inspires, leaves traces.


Awakening to the Bulgarian Theater after 1989


During the communist regime, Bulgarian theater directors, screenwriters, and artists suffered from a lack of freedom in expressing their visions. After 1989, the theater in Bulgaria, which received the thirsty freedom of creative thought, slowly begins to awaken and return to diversity and complexity. Directors and screenwriters are striving to achieve the so-called. Hybrid stage aesthetics - intertwining different genres, sharpening the scenes and unfolding the images, but mostly moving away from stereotypes. The Bulgarian theater is taking the path to liberation from the established framework. A new generation of directors then dares to break with the old traditions. These are Alexander Morfov, Teddy Moskov, Ivan Stanev. In their first performances ("The Storm", "The Love of the Three Oranges") they confidently demonstrated their willingness to introduce new shapes, stylistic techniques and audio-visual effects.


After the first half of the 90s, another generation of talented directors, among whom the names of Stoyan Kambarev, Ivan Doichev and Margarita Mladenova stand out, make successful attempts to update Stanislavsky's realistic-psychological method. The creativity of this generation of directors shows an interest in making plays by Chekhov ("Seagull", "Three Sisters"), whose dramatic and tragic stories predispose to more entertainment and emotional effect.


The boundary between audience and theater is gradually disappearing. And it is through overcoming contextual barriers that the connection between the viewer and the actor falls into a deeper emotional dimension. This is actually one of the most significant achievements of contemporary theater - the ability to create a greater emotional attachment to what is happening on stage. In the modern Bulgarian theater the strong presence of the director's figure is clearly felt. Today, among the most emblematic directors in Bulgaria are the personalities of Yavor Gurdev (Hamlet, King Lear, Fluffy), Ivaylo Hristov, (Scissor Trembler) Yana Borisova ("Pleasant", "Little play for children" room ") and more.


Today's picture of the Bulgarian theater


The picture of contemporary Bulgarian theater is somewhat pessimistic with some lasting sun glare. Many of the theaters with a long history today face serious financial problems that threaten their existence. This is the case with the theaters in Blagoevgrad, Veliko Turnovo, Smolyan and others. The Ministry of Culture does not show the necessary favor. New reforms are coming into force, with a number of financial constraints. The effect is a "quiet" robbery of Bulgarian art and culture.


The dilemma of the Bulgarian theater


The good news is that despite the financial problems, dozens of theatrical productions in the capital are constantly being exported and the audience is filling the halls. But here's another problem. Some critics have shared doubts about the emerging trend that Bulgarian theater today operates on a market principle. The audience that fills the halls actually has an affinity for light-hearted comedies and light dramas featuring actors who have become known for their involvement in high-profile television productions. The great dilemma of the Bulgarian theater is: To create higher art and write history, or to strive only for the audience that will fill the salons? At the risk of low-ticket tickets and half-empty showrooms, not many theaters are choosing to limit themselves to genre diversity.


Yes, there is no Broadway in Bulgaria, no Shakespeare "globe", but the important thing is that there are many wonderful and endlessly talented directors with a clear vision. Also, actors with an ongoing desire to please the audience with numerous incarnations.

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Here are some reasons why theater is needed in our lives, which I hope will inspire you.
• Theater is detached from reality
This is the place where one can touch another time and forget about the problems and the gray everyday life. Both cinema and theater can influence the senses. We become involved with what is happening with the characters on stage, with their story. Everyone needs such a healthy break from time to time.
• Theater enhances education
Haven't you read Dimitar Dimov or did Shakespeare? No problem. Just look at any production, say Shakespeare's play "Much Noisy For Nothing", "Hamlet" or "A Midsummer Night's Dream". Once you leave the hall, you will instantly feel the urge to learn more about this British classic.
• Theater is a good workout for the mind
In order to understand correctly the actions of the characters and the importance of the dialogues between them, they need focus, good linguistic culture and a quick mind. The more you visit theaters, the more advanced these skills will be.
• Theater is magic
Like books and movies, theater is also characterized by a specific magic that captures everything as the lights dim and the actors take the stage.
• Theater brings a more real, fulfilling experience
Yes, movies and books manage to excite us, change our minds even. However, the theater offers something even more powerful: everything is happening live before our eyes. The actors are there up front, more alive and real than ever. We see them and they see us.
• Theater enhances emotional intelligence
William Defoe said that really good theater evokes the power of thought, making us imagine the world we want to reach. So if you want to train your analytical skills, choose to go to the theater. High emotional intelligence has a beneficial effect, both personally and professionally. The stories told on the theatrical stage make us think and analyze.
Theater unlocks creativity
Looking at a production, it is perfectly normal for us to come up with a fresh fresh idea. This is part of the magic of theater. That is why going to the theater is useful for absolutely everyone - teachers, artists, writers, entrepreneurs, managers, servicemen, designers, brokers, musicians, etc.
• Theater is the highest form of entertainment
Comedy as a theatrical genre is condemned to immortality. Watching a theater comedy has a much stronger experience than a movie or television show.
• The theater provides good education for the children
Performances designed for children's audiences are a great way to inspire kids to learn something useful. Most importantly, such an event is an occasion for them to go out and spend some time away from computers and touch screen technologies.
• The theater is charged with positive energy
The enthusiasm of the actors and the conviction of their play fill the audience with positive energy. They awaken the desire to achieve something meaningful in their lives.
• Theater gathers people
For many, a theatrical event is a wonderful occasion to see family and friends who share the attraction to this kind of art. This creates the conditions for the formation of new acquaintances.


People all over the world need theater.


It is a constantly evolving school of cultural ideas and values.
Love the theater. Open your senses to him.


Happy World Theater Day!

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