The traditional Bulgarian clothing of our ancestors, which has gradually disappeared over the years, is completely absent from our everyday life and everyday life. We can only judge it from our grandmother's stories or see it in museums.
One of the main elements of traditional clothing for both men and women was the shirt. It was T-shaped, with a slot in the front, often with embroidery, and its length varied. To the calves of women and to the knees of men. It was never just a shirt. Even in the summer, the brides put on at least an apron on top, and the men stored it in pots. The shirts were mostly made of cotton, linen or hemp, while the wealthier wore shirts made of thin silk.
Much of the symbolism of human existence was embedded in the shirt. The white shirt symbolized both purity and masculinity. In folklore, haiduts and heroes go to their deaths in white shirts, and self-made wanders in white shirts.
During the holiday, a new shirt, richly embroidered, embroidered on the fabric or with embroidered embroidered multicolored kenets, sewed.
In addition to the shirt, the pants were the basic clothing for men. The most common were the poturas (wide at the top and narrower at the bottom). Made of thick wool (shayak) in dark colors, black, brown, dark blue. The Shalwaras, on the other hand, had wider and leaner feet than the Tutors. The cones were also widespread, with smaller bottoms and tightly fitting legs. In the middle of the 19 century from Europe, the "stretched" pants, named by different names, barrels, ruffles, shrubs, smoke, depending on their cut and color, entered the Bulgarian lifestyle. These "fashion" trousers always had embellishments, most notably braids, with which pockets, seams and undershirts were lined.
According to the tradition of the basic element, the shirt, women should always wear some outerwear. The most common was the dress (straight or tailored dress with the neckline, without or short sleeves, usually in dark color). On his grooves and skirts he decorated himself with braids or embroidery. A version of the Sukman is the saia, a type of tunic with a cut in the front. Some girls tied one or two aprons (one in the front, one in the back) on their shirt.
Other types of women's clothing are the garment (white woolen garment with wide sleeves), aladzha (colored or striped right garment), and in the 19 century, under the influence of European fashion, emeralds (garments with a fitting upper) also appeared. and collected bottom shawls made of various wool, cotton or silk fabrics).
In the traditional costume, both men and women "strapped" with a belt or belt. Depending on the local costume, the women's belt was fastened to the front and back of the garment, the two aprons, or simply fastened the waist. In men, besides fastening the trousers, the belt is guarded and the cross is cold. In addition, because of the lack of pockets, the belt served as a concealer or as a demonstration of a purse, a knife, a squeak. The girdles were usually made of wool in red, dark blue and less often blue. They reached a length of about 2 meters and wrapped around the waist 4-5 times.
Obligatory for the Bulgarian clothing in the past were the cap for men and the cloth for women. The cap, despite the variety of colors, sizes and types, was a distinctive feature of the Bulgarians, not only among them, but also for the neighboring peoples. It was usually made of sheepskin with the fleece out and protected, except from cold and colds, and from bad eyes. The hood to such an extent guaranteed protection that it was only removed when entering a church, going to sleep, and in deference to someone.
The equivalent of a cap for men was a towel for women. Besides the social status of the woman (for the married she was obligatory), she also showed her financial status.
Most often, women become dirty with a wide white or colored square cloth folded diagonally. Another type of clogging was made with mesal (2-3 meter canvas, decorated with seams and fringes). In some areas tiaras or special picks were put under or over the towel.
Different towels were worn on different occasions. Festive towels were often decorated with embroidery, sewn beads or coins, tassels or fringes.
As for the feet, the Bulgarian peasant wore mostly tsarulas. Each family only made them from the skin of a Christmas pig that was drying, wrapped around its feet, and tightened with ropes.
People in the city wore, in Turkish pattern, slippers (emini) with various models, made of fine leather and richly decorated. As an influence from Europe, the modern type of footwear, known as cobbles and kunduras, has spread. The word "shoe" entered the language much later.