Have you read the tales of princes and princesses from distant, unknown and exotic countries who live in the most wonderful and beautiful palaces? Sure, yes! But have you wondered what they looked like, and if they exist, how do they look now?


Welcome to the pink city of Jaipur! The city gets its name, as you might guess, because of the color that is present in every building. The idea for such "decoration" was the Maharaja of Sawai Jai Singh II. In 1876, he wanted to impress the British Crown Prince Albert on a tour of India, thus enabling the Indian ruler to hope that his country would strengthen its ties with the British aristocracy.


In addition to coloring the city, Savai also commissioned the construction of the largest and most beautiful concert hall, which also added a cultural look to the city and was naturally painted pink. While the ruler was busy remodeling the city, his wife took up a decree in 1877 that banned the use of color other than pink when painting buildings.

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The idea of ​​this color is not a ghost. Indians attach importance to the colors of their lives. For them, the pink color symbolizes hospitality. Thanks to the calcium oxide additive, this paint is used in house painting to withstand the harsh and harsh conditions of the local climate. Today, in times of pollution, urban congestion and the increase of cars at times the cities can take in India, this pink hue gives at least a tiny touch of happiness and diversity in the fast-paced everyday life of Indians.


But not everything in the city is pink. Here is the remarkable Fort Amber Fort. Similar to the Great Wall of China, it was intended to protect the city from external enemies. Thanks to the mixture of Mongolian and Indian architecture, this fortress was so beautiful that, according to local legend, even the enemies of the state did not dare to destroy it.            

Amber Fort

One of the most interesting places in the city is the Maharaja's personal territory - its harem. Each of his pets was separated into 12 separate "apartments". Interestingly, for security reasons, and in order to avoid jealousy in his other women, the Maharaja ordered 12 secure corridors. They should not interfere with the other apartments, so that the ruler always has access to his favorite pet, without creating unnecessary trouble - to keep the kingdom safe and free from fermentation.

Another interesting feature in the city is Hawa Mahal, the so-called "Palace of the Winds". Because the ruler was very pious and believed in Lord Krishna, he ordered the construction of this palace. He wished to be equipped with 953 small windows, each located in a honeycomb-like panel! During the hot summer months, women could uneasily see what was happening outside without the danger of anyone passing them by.

Hawa Mahal 

Apart from building this "miracle of miracles", the ruler was also very knowledgeable and curious. Among his many interests was astronomy. At the behest of the previous ruler, the Jantar Mantar Astronomical Observatory was built, the largest and most preserved observatory in the world. The observatory consists of four stone structures serving as measuring instruments.

Jantar Mantar

The most notable of these is Samrat yantra, or "Master" - which is a 24-hour sundial. This was Jai Singh's most significant creation. It consists of a huge stone triangle, 21,3 meters high, with a base of 34,6 meters and a thickness of 3,2 meters. Its hypotenuse is 39 meters and is parallel to the Earth's axis, pointing to the North Pole. A quadrant is arranged on either side of the triangle (serving as the arrow of the sundial), which is plotted to show the hours, minutes, and seconds. Although the sundials have existed for centuries, Jai Singh has transformed this basic time meter into a precise declination tool (one of the two coordinates in the equatorial coordinate system) and the other coordinates of celestial bodies.

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It was damaged in the nineteenth century, but later the new ruler rebuilt the observatory. Rebuilt again with the help of an Army major, Arthur Garrett, who was a keen astronomer and worked as an engineer at the time. Due to the frequent changes in the political climate in the country, the construction of the observatory was stopped several times and was not completed until 1901. The clock currently holds the record for the largest sundial in the world, rising to a height of over 27 meters. Today, this watch is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


This city is one of the most visited by tourists, who, while strolling through the city, enjoy the beauty, ingenuity and architectural heritage - a masterpiece, while inexorably the watch of the observatory counts the moments of magic spent in the Pink City.

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