Spring, the most wonderful time of the year - a period of revival and renewal. It is no coincidence that in the festive calendar, spring holidays are central to their multitude of rituals and rituals. Starting from Lazarovden and Tsvetnitsa to the most solemn one - Easter.
Lazarus Day is celebrated on the Saturday, the week before the Resurrection. This is the day in which, according to the Bible, Jesus Christ brings back to life the dead Lazarus as a thank you for his hospitality.
In folk tradition, this holiday is associated with the transition of girls to girls ready to create a family hearth. As early as the morning of Lazarus Day, 10-15 girls gather and dress in bridal or holiday clothes. They divide into several groups and go around all the houses calling for health, luck and banquet, dance and sing old ritual songs. Each housewife is catering to the Lazars and is sure to donate them with raw eggs that they paint for Easter. The egg plays a very important role in the popular faith. On the one hand, it is a symbol of immortality, and on the other - it can divine the secrets of fate and spoil magic.
On Lazarov, willow twigs are still being harvested, which are used for the next solemn day.
In the religious calendar, the Palm Sunday, (Palm Sunday, Palm Sunday, Blossom) is associated with the entry of Christ into Jerusalem, where he was strewn with flowers and greeted with palm twigs.
Around the date of May 24, the work of the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius is always remembered. What an imprint the two Thessalonian brothers left in the Bulgarian family memory is well demonstrated by the glorious episode with the presentation of the Samara flag in the hands of the Bulgarian volunteers (6th ...
In Bulgaria, willow branches are used for the ritual, which are illuminated in the church, and with which the front door of the home is decorated. They are believed to guard against disease and evil throughout the year.
In folklore customs, Cvetnica is associated with godfathering. The Lazarus girls gather to the river and drop a wreath of twigs twisted by each of them. The one whose wreath came out first will, by belief, marry first.
In the evening at Vrubnitsa, the Lazars play the choir on the village square and the boys join him. This is the first horo made during the Easter fasts.
In some parts of Bulgaria, it is believed that at the Blossom, the dead emerge from their graves in the expectation that their loved ones will bring them something. That is why, on the previous day, women prepare ritual breads and distribute cereals, and then turn over the graves of their loved ones.
From Monday after Palm Sunday begins so-called. A passionate week (from the old Bulgarian Passion - suffering), every day of which is "great" and "holy."
On Good Monday, as he entered the abode of Jerusalem, Jesus became angry with the crowd that had made the holy place a market. In his anger he passed the masses of merchants.
Thus, on Good Tuesday, Christ spent in moral guidance to the locals.
Wednesday is associated with the betrayal of the Son of God by Judas Iscariot.
On Holy Thursday, Jesus gathers his disciples for a Last Supper, at which he announces that he will be delivered by one of them.
On this day, the cross is removed from the altar in the churches, which symbolizes its carrying from Christ to Calvary.
Good Friday celebrates the suffering of the Son of God - judged, scourged and disgraced before his people, he was crucified on the cross to save humanity.
On Holy Saturday, the Savior was laid in a tomb in the Rocks of Gethsemane. Ever since then it has been a custom to paint eggs for Easter. According to a manuscript from the X century, when she arrived in Rome, Mary Magdalene presented to Emperor Tiberius a red egg with the words: "Christ is risen!", Thus declaring her faith in his immortality.
In Bulgaria traditionally eggs are painted on Good Thursday, with the first, which is always red, rubbing the faces of children and animals in the health house. In addition to eggs, the Easter table includes a variety of ritual breads, as well as the favorite of all Kozunaks.
On Saturday against Easter, a "miracle" is happening at the "St. Resurrection "in Jerusalem. Here, in this holy abode, built on the tomb of God, every year laymen from all over the world witness the burning of the Grace of Fire. It is believed that if the heavenly fire did not come down to earth on Holy Saturday, it would be the end of humanity and the Second Coming. According to eyewitnesses, one of the candidates in the temple only flamed, initially not burning or warming. Traditionally, Divine fire is spread on Easter itself to Orthodox throughout the world.
On Easter Sunday, on the Resurrection, the ascension of Jesus Christ is celebrated. Then he appears to Mary Magdalene and the apostles as proof of the righteousness of his words and of the immortal life after that of the earth.
This good news ends fasting and the cycle of spring holidays. Only on this day do all Orthodox greet "Christ is Risen!" And "Truly Risen!"
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