Liberation, struggle, revolution, enlightenment - these are topics that have long excited the more alert and intelligent people. When it comes to Bulgaria, these topics refer mostly to the Ottoman period. But what association do they awaken in the minds of contemporary people? With whom do we associate the struggle for the liberation of the Bulgarian people from spiritual darkness and from political slavery?

The new section of Bulgarka Magazine will be about some of these deserving Bulgarians who gave their lives to the patriotic cause. We will present to you revolutionaries, scribes, martyrs of the faith whose exploits need to reach as many people as possible today. Many of these individuals have not found a place in history and literature textbooks, or are devoted to only a few lines. These people have long deserved their immortality, next to Levski, Botev and Benkovski, although they have not gained much popularity. One of them is the voivode Krastyo Asenov from Sliven.

If we ask ourselves whether Bot's spirituality has survived in the offspring, the answer will be yes. Botev lives after his death, and he most clearly pulsates in the personality of the voivode Krustyu Asenov. There is a known paradox in the fact that so much is known about the case of Krustyu Asenov, and even less so about his personality.

He was born in 1877 in Sliven in the family of Hadji Petar Asenov, brother of Hadji Dimitar. The fact that he is Hadji Dimitar's brother's son illustrates the continuity between the liberation movement of the Bulgarians before 1878 and after 1878. Hadji Dimitar Assenov and Stefan Karadja, together with their people, died in the battle of Buzludzha in 1868. Hadji Dimitar, Krustyu Asenov, died during preparation for the Ilinden-Transfiguration Uprising (1903) in Macedonia.

The greatest biographer of the Bulgarian liberation movement after 1878, Hristo Silyanov writes with grace: "Pure in their youthful impulses, irresistibly kind images ascend from the gravestone of the sacred Macedonian shadows, and have gained flesh and blood, they exist before my tearful gaze ( ...) Krustyu Asenov from Sliven, the man - gala, carried the power of the spirit inherited from his uncle Hadji Dimitra from the Macedonian villages and mountains. "

Three years after the death of the voivode, the great Bulgarian writer and publicist Anton Strashimirov, echoing in his memory, devotes his essay to him: "Krustyo Assenov - a silhouette of the most insane among these handful of madmen among us, but I will resurrect him. He lives in Macedonia among the dead, immortal among the living! "

Anton Strashimirov, who is a Chetnik under Yana Sandanski and is close to the fearsome Hristo Chernopeev, has no doubt that Krustyo is the most insane of all the committees he knows. Krustyo is the man - the robe, for whom there is no peace and there are no barriers.

The people of Macedonia call it "Ogniiot Daskal". He is the flame that burns. And how much they loved him there - this is evidenced by the Chetniks' evidence that in every Macedonian village where he was known, there were people ready for him without "ah" and "oh" to jump into a live heat.

The madness of Krustyu Asenov is the madness of the intellectual and the erudite - as in Botev or Lord Byron, so it is even more powerful and different. These are people of speech and deed, consciously dedicated to the fight against evil and injustice. People knew that their battle was unequal, that they would die, but nevertheless acted steadily. For them, the purity of their cause is a sufficient condition for sacrifice. Krustyu Asenov is not a poetic genius like Botev and Byron, but he is a man of speech and action, as they are.

Ever since the childhood, Macedonia's liberation has excited his childhood imagination. His classmates from the elementary school in Sliven remember a significant event. He once took them to the Blue Stones, made them look south and "drew the dagger, swore - they would release Macedonia." He was very disobedient at school, was expelled and had to finish his high school education in Varna. And there they remembered his violent temper. Krusty possessed a fiery temperament, but also stunning physical strength. He was easily angry and slapping, leaving no one in charge. As a student in Varna, he once witnessed drunken gaggles messing with a woman walking with a water mare. The woman was crying and the drunks were laughing. The young Krustyo couldn't stand, grabbed the rock, waved it, and chased the men away. After this audacity, you won the first nickname: the Gagauz called it "Yielder" ("Lightning").

After graduating from high school, he entered the Higher School in Sofia (Sofia University), but soon left to go to study in Macedonia. Despite his violent temper, Krustyo had a very representative appearance. He is described as a handsome, silent, restrained and diplomatic man, very knowledgeable and intelligent. He was offered to study abroad, but he preferred the national cause. It was won by the extraordinary Gotse Delchev - the "Hajduk deity". Gotse is the only one to whom "this madman" Krustyu Asenov revered, as Anton Strashimirov claims.

Krustyo and his friend Atanas Iliev from Vratsa were included together in the liberation movement in 1900. They were sent to Dupnitsa, where they stayed at the home of the chief of the organization, Nikola Malashevski. There, Krastyo meets his daughter Anna, whom they will later fall in love with madly.

Assenov is assigned as a teacher in the village of Lyashko, Gornozhumaysko (Blagoevgrad). He was told to introduce himself to Dasco Hristo of Radovish. In the first lesson, he teaches the children the song "Wind Echi, Balkan Wail" by Dobri Chintulov, and in the second - "Get Up, Get Up, Balkan Hero". Quickly demonstrated his heavy character. To the village gossip that Christo was not spoken and he was not from Radovish, he replied: "Ask not for my name, for mine have I lost it, and whoever finds it will eat one at my neck." The lesson in literature began with " Hristo Botev's Elegy. Have the students repeat after him, dividing into syllables the beginning of the poem:

"Ka-mi, ka-ki, poor-na-ro-de,

who in the basin is a slave-ska-lyu-lyu-lee? "

In this region of Gorno-Dzumi, he is the real Bulgarian national awakener. As his contemporaries point out, by day he taught his children to read and write, and in the evening their parents learned how to use a pistol and a rifle. Among the peasants he became famous for another extraordinary event. The bell had to be erected on the church. But quickly and secretly, lest he understand the Turkish authorities. Because the bell was heavy and the staircase in the church narrow, there was no way for two to lift it, but it seemed like a lot of work for the man himself. But not for the "dashing Christo of Radovish." He grabbed the heavy bell and carried it upstairs. Since then in Lyashko began to call him the "Bear".

Krustyo's role in the field of enlightenment is enormous. But it is no less important in armed revolutionary activity. He is the main character in the Miss Stone affair aimed at raising money to arm the troops in Macedonia and Thrace. Krustyu Asenov is the chief negotiator for the ransomware organization for the release of US citizen Ellen Stone. Here his representative appearance, diplomacy and education (command of the French language) play a key role in obtaining the organization's means of rescue.

In preparation for the Ilinden-Transfiguration Uprising, Krustyu Asenov was appointed commander of a detachment in Enijevardarsko. Here he and his men unite with the voivode led by the Apostle - the "Sun of the Sun", with those of Trayko Gotov and Ivan Karusalia. The battle flags of the squad formed by the squad are illuminated. Then Krastyo wants his ass to marry him with his beloved Anna Malashevska, who has joined the fight with the men. This provoked great discontent and controversy among the Bulgarians, which resulted in the voivode Krustyu Assenov being murdered. As he and Anna sleep in their arms, one of the disgruntled Chetniks sneaks in and shoots him. Before the second shot, the killer's shotgun is detected, which saves the wife's life.

The fact that he dies in such an unworthy manner does not cast a spot on his holy cause. On the contrary, Krustyo Asenov, like Botev, dies with the clear awareness that love for his country and love for his beloved woman are compatible. Just as Hristo Botev lived with Veneta and her son Dimitar among the hashes in Romania, so Krustyu Asenov thought it possible that he and his beloved Anna would fight next to the Macedonian haramies. As Selma Todorova notes, unlike other revolutionaries, Krusty puts Love first, but equally - love for the country, and love for the beloved.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This