Most of us know, or have heard at least once, the legend of Atlantis - a city with a civilization ahead of its time, which, under the influence of natural disasters, and why not with the help of human activity, disappears forever from the face of the earth. There is not enough evidence as to whether it really existed or a myth. On the seabed, in different parts of the world, lie other sunken cities. Their story shrouded in mystery and secrets awaits its Hercules to embark on an incredible and dangerous adventure to uncover their secrets. Let's learn together the buried secrets of the most amazing cities under water.
The Kingdom of Cleopatra, Alexandria - Ancient Egypt
One of the most famous Egyptian rulers in world history is Cleopatra. The last of the Ptolemy dynasty, dating back to the great Alexander the Great. Her name translates as "Father's Glory" and was born precisely in Alexandria, in 69 BC. In its honor centuries ago, a palatial palace was built on Antirhodos island.
All sailors on board ships admire the most beautiful palace designed for the most beautiful ruler of the world. Along the stairs leading to the palace are high columns, each of which is decorated with a wreath, and together with the statues of sphinxes and goddesses, these works of art create a sense of grace and beauty. It is this work of art that arouses the envy of the masters and inhabitants of the largest Greek island - Rhodes. And as if at the will of the gods themselves, just 400 years after Cleopatra's death, the island, along with its inhabitants and riches, fell victim to a series of floods and devastating tsunamis, resulting in more than 20 at the bottom of the sea. relics.
Today, Cleopatra's palace has been rediscovered for world history, thanks to French archaeologist Frank Goddio in 1998. This brings to light many of those beautiful artifacts, such as the statues of the goddess Isis and the legendary Sphinx, which are now owned by some of the largest museums in the world. The Egyptian government has plans to revive the site by creating a special underwater museum where visitors can literally "immerse themselves" in a fantastic world.
The Golden City of Dwarka (The Lost City of Cambay)
Situated over an area of five miles, buried in the sands of the past, on the seafloor in Cambay Bay - India, lies the remarkable "golden" city of Dwarka. Legend has it that it was built 9500 years ago. If true, this makes the city the first in the world civilization, where the primitive social system was born and outstripped Mesopotamia, which, however, appeared 5000 years later than Dvarka !!!
The author of the excavations, Graham Hancock, is really excited about this discovery, which literally rewrites world history and reverses our notions of ancient civilization. By using special equipment, the ruins reveal that the area perished after the last ice age. The most interesting thing is that the city has remained intact, during all these centuries, under water.
# to travel the world
Port Royal (royal port), the city of pirates - Jamaica
"Fifteen People in the Dead's Ark, Yo-Ho-Ho and a Bottle of Rum!" There is hardly anyone who has ever read Robert Stevenson's adventure novel Treasure Island. Sometimes this inhospitable place becomes a hub for bandits and pirates, where no one normal wants to be. This is where the sponsored raids against the powerful, at that time, Habsburg Empire often began, thanks to the money of the Netherlands and Great Britain in an attempt to become full-time sea lords.
In 1657, the island's governor decided to make the pirates part of the city's defensive line because of the frequent raids of the Spanish Armada, in exchange for "loyalty." The bandits are educated and become "honorary" citizens of the city. This put an end to the attacks of the Spaniards, thereby also interrupting their access to valuable goods to import into their colonies.
Not only bandits, but also many individuals and traders become part of the scheme, and these same people then resell the goods at times more expensive to the Spaniards. Many former British soldiers find themselves in the city in search of easy money and a safe pirate life. Gradually, piracy became a major livelihood of the population, with residents making around £ 750 a year. This is many times more than the sugar cane trade, which fetches 'barely' £ 000.
But its glorious history ends on June 7, 1692, after a powerful earthquake that plunges the city. This forces the authorities to redirect all trade routes to the neighboring town of Kingston. Since 1981, the city has begun to encourage archaeological excavations. In this way, it seeks to become a thriving center of the tourism industry, thanks to its pirated past.
Japan - Yonaguni-Jima
In 1995, 68 miles east of the coast of Taiwan, off the coast of the Yonaguni Islands, a diver made a remarkable discovery of ancient, sunken ruins. Researchers believe that this is the so-called "Japanese Atlantis", a city of more than 5000 years. Thanks to the reconstruction of scientists, it is found that in the center of the ruins is a massive pyramid that was once 882 feet high. Based on its intricate architecture, staircases and multiple corridors, this building comes more in architectural style to that of the Incas.
The newly arrived city is the largest of its time. But only 2000 years later, this civilization died under the effects of the powerful earthquakes and subsequent tsunamis. However, there is not enough information on the end of Yonaguni-Jim. In fact, some scholars insist that the sunken city is not a city at all. It is believed that these are eroded rock formations formed by millennial exposure to external influences. The mystery of Yonaguni-Jim is difficult to unravel, but most believe it is the remains of a millennial great civilization that was buried under the sea thousands of years ago.
Port of Julius - Italy
Once upon a time, this place was a port on the western fleet of the Roman Empire. Situated in the western tip of Naples and named after Port Julius in honor of Emperor Octavian Augustus.
Because of the frequent raids of Pompey's younger brother, whose fleet often robbed merchant ships and mostly harvested grain, August turned to his closest aide, Mark Agrippa, for help. Due to Baia's hidden location, Agrippa began preparing to build a strong fleet that would shatter the enemy's ambitions. He plans an ambitious plan, between 37 and 36 BC, when the construction of two canals begins. One, which is larger, connects the lakes Averno and Lukrino, and the second - between Lukrino and the sea. From there, a hidden secret flotilla can easily escape through a hidden entrance. In the battle of Nauloch, Agrippa's and August's fleet defeated Pompey's brother, which puts an end to this dispute.
After the war, the gate was abandoned due to the accumulated sedimentary formations and moved to the northern city of Mizenum. It is divided into two compartments - the main one where sailors are trained and tactics and naval maneuvers are conducted, and another, further inland, where ships are being repaired and equipped for their next voyage.
Only 30 km. from Naples, gradually began to emerge a new, completely different from all cities - "City of Sin". A place where rich emperors and Romans create their magnificent villas and spa pools and have fun. Among the celebrities stand out the names of Cicero, Virgil and other people. But the builders of this place do not know that they built it on a seismic zone. Subsequently, the tremors intensified and after the last, strongest tremor, this whole city of sin, together with the Roman fleet, found themselves at the bottom of the sea.
Today, deep-water dive lovers can enjoy this preserved ancient "city of sin" and enjoy the fully preserved marble statues, cobblestone streets, spa baths and all those works of art carved under the expert hands of some of the finest Roman masters of their time.
Pavlopetri - Greece
For the past 2020, 17 women in Bulgaria have been killed by their partners. These are just known cases, and we do not know exactly how many women end their lives fatally in their homes, as such statistics are not kept. BECOME A VIRTUE ♥ For the past 2020 17 ...
The ancient Mycenaean city of Pavlopetri dates back to the Neolithic (2800 BC). Its ruins today tell the story of this amazing cultural center of ancient Greece. History tells us that this place was once a thriving port city. And at a time when Western civilization is making its first steps. From here, the Greeks lay their hands on the entire Mediterranean.
The ruins speak of this architectural masterpiece, how a city is created like no other, through its well-constructed land network of roads, as well as its beautifully constructed temples. For nearly 2000 years, this city has flourished and is also one of the busiest ports in the Mediterranean. But a devastating earthquake, literally overnight, destroys that cradle of cultural civilization and sends the city to the seabed.
Today, the ruins of the city are very well preserved, especially considering that it is one of the most ancient sunken cities. There are preserved buildings, temples and streets that diver lovers can visit. They can feel the history and atmosphere of this ancient cultural center. Archaeologists have found even looms that have been preserved for so many centuries. The city even had a fully functioning water network, something revolutionary for its time. Many lovers of history, archeology and adventure even consider that Pavlopetri is the inspiration for the legend of Atlantis.
All these places, home to love, hatred, greed and majesty, have once had their place in world history. Today, even underwater, their history is not forgotten. There is always someone to tell the story of the most amazing sunken cities in their unique and unique way. Because even in these forgotten chronicles, anyone can find a tiny "pebble" lesson in the "rocks" of history.
more to read
Despite fishing bans, pressure on Europe's last wild sturgeon populations is growing. In the lower reaches of the Danube, on the border between Bulgaria and Romania, the last in Europe, breeding in the wild, populations of wild ...
For the sixth year in a row, the festival "Meetings of Young European Cinema" will be held, organized by the association "Arte Urbana Collective". From the 21st to the 23rd of June in the Slaveykov Hall of the French Institute in Bulgaria Specialists express contradictory opinions about the events of ...
In their fifth single, the alternative rock band sorts out harsh truths with perfectly polished details and an emotional scale beyond the music.
Now we will tell more about the founder of our periodical press - the great educator Konstantin Fotinov. He is the person who lays the foundations of national literacy with the help of mass media. Photo: Historical Museum, Samokov Portrait of ...
Most recently, the poet Aksinia Mihaylova received the prestigious French award "Max Jacob" with her book "The Kiss of Time". This is the second prize from France, after the Guillaume Apollinaire Prize in 2014, and the second book written directly in French. The news is ...
I grew up during the last decade of communism in Eastern Europe. My life had to be a predestined photographer: Tina Boyadzhieva I grew up in the last decade of communism in Eastern Europe. My life had to be predestined because the political ...
Ingredients: ⇒ small bunch of white grapes ⇒ 1 carrot ⇒ ½ lemon ⇒ a piece of ginger ⇒ 1 sweet apple Clean and put in a blender diced carrot, apple and a piece of ginger. Add the juice of pre-squeezed grapes and lemon. If necessary,...