The incredible Akhal-Teke breed of horses has an almost 3000-year history and is considered one of the most ancient. The so-called "golden horses" are adapted to the harsh climatic conditions of the Asian deserts and are known for their speed and durability of long hikes. It had many failures during crosses with other breeds, but it still played a significant role in other breeds. Now this ancient breed is back on the scene with its endurance, speed, agility and thirst for victory.

The breed first appeared in the Kara Kum Desert, Turkmenistan, a rocky area surrounded by mountains that played an important role in maintaining the purity of the breed. The Turkmen Kurds first used horses for an assault, and then started breeding and appreciating them for their speed and agility. The story of this horse is transmitted word of mouth by the Turkmen tribes and there are no written records that prove its truth. It is believed that Alexander of Macedon's horse, Bucephalus, was of the Ahal-Teke breed.

The breed derives its name from the Russian general Kuropatkin, who admired the horses during the battle with the Turkmen, and after the war called them Akhal-Teke, after the name of the Teke tribe inhabiting the Ahal oasis, the southern part of the Aral-Caspian. valley. In 1943, the Russians began printing the first books dedicated to this breed. Unfortunately, many of the horses died during the Great Patriotic War and only 1250 horses have survived today.


Historical archives prove that the breed influenced many other breeds of horses and were traded frequently or given as gifts to various heads of state. It is believed that the earliest breed of Turkmen stallion Byerley Turk may also be a purebred Ahal-Teke breed or Turkmen horse. The other three known stallions - Lister Turk, White Turf and Yellow Turk are also considered to be carriers of this gene. Thanks to the cross with other species, they have contributed to the colorful palette in some of today's Thoroughbred Thoroughbred breed horses, and even they have the Akhal-Teke gene and some of the Russian Don breeds. , Budyon, Karabair and Karabakh.

Ahal-TekhAt the beginning of the 20 century, a cross was made between Thoroughbreds and Akhal-Teke in order to create a horse capable of running long distances, but the new breed was not as stable as Akhal-Teke, and many of the horses died in the harsh conditions of Central Asia. After the 1935 endurance race (2500 ridden miles from Ashgabat to Moscow for 84 days, taking three days across the desert without water), many purebred animals, unlike those who crossed with the Ahal-Teke breed, were in better health.

Despite its high durability, beautiful and golden hue, the breed began to decline after the Soviet Union began to use it for meat consumption and was frequently malnourished. Today the breed is bred mainly in Moscow and Turkmenistan for participation in horse racing. Nowadays, only 7000 representatives of this breed are left. Most are in Turkmenistan - 700 horse, in Europe - are 1000 horse and only 40 horse in England. The breed succeeded on the 1960 sports podium when Sergei Filatov, with his black stallion Abcent - the Achal-Teke breed, who won a dressage prize, at the Rome Olympics and proved that this rare and beautiful breed can achieve excellent results in sports.

The Ahal-Tekin breed is one of the most distinctive and unusual breeds in the world. The Desert Aristocrat has a long and elegant but solid constitution that can last for a long time without water. Characteristic qualities they possess are durability and speed. Due to its natural athleticism, Ahal-Tekh is an excellent racing horse in long distance running, in the disciplines of dressage, obstacle jumping, all-around riding and endurance.

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