In recent years, it has often been the case that nations have been interpreted, generally as "imagined communities," as "an imaginary political community that presents itself as essentially limited and sovereign." This is to say that nations have a false nature and are an invention, a personal creation, not formed over the course of the historical process, over the centuries.

For the Bulgarian nation, for example, one can claim that it was invented by the will of the Great Powers. Even of one Great Power - the Russian Empire. Because the Russian Empire needed an Orthodox Christian state to place itself on the political map of Europe, as close as possible to the Straits, tearing the territory of the Ottoman Empire - and here is Bulgaria. Everything is developing very fast. In Russia, the Slavophile movement is gaining more and more allies ("all Slavs are brothers, let's help the Slavic brothers who are in slavery"), Russian energy is transferred to the still unformed nation in Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia, all these people living in these lands, thanks to Russia, Russian suggestions and in unison with Russian imperial interests, realize themselves, "imagine themselves" as Bulgarians.

We must point out that such a story is deeply untrue. It can only exist as an imaginary within a community interested in selling such an unprecedented story. Because such a story may be valid for other, newer nations, but not for the Bulgarian one. That's why:

Every Bulgarian has studied at school Slavic-Bulgarian History (written in 1762) and he remembered, if nothing else, at least Paisius' famous accusation of apostates and apostates: "O fools and fools!" So in 1762 back in the Bulgarian lands there was a Bulgarian with a distinct patriotic position, whose cause was devoted to this. , to educate his relatives in patriotism. And the Paisius case is not responsible for one or the other empire, at least the Russian one, which is confirmed by the so-called Greek project by Catherine the Great, two decades after the writing of the Slavonic-Bulgarian History aimed at restoring the Greek Byzantine state to the Bulgarian lands.

We need to know that Paisius is not some "white swallow". It is the emanation of a never-ending process. From this point of view it will be interesting to see what other patriots like him, who loved Bulgaria, gave it expression and opposed it to the Bulgarian one.

These are distinguished Bulgarian medieval writers, who often stay out of the interest of history buffs. The reasons are mainly linguistic and worldview. The language in which they create their works, with its grammatical norms, is too far for many of us. The stylistics of medieval works, however, is subordinated to religious doctrine, again uncharacteristic and alien to our secular (critical of the Orthodox canon) society.

Chernorizets Hrabar (10th c.) Was the first Ancient Bulgarian writer to firmly stand on the position of the Bulgarian (Slavic), opposing it to the foreign (Greek). In "About the letters" it says:

"If you ask Greek writers, saying, 'Who created your letters and translated your books, or at what time?', They rarely know." However, if you ask the Slavic alphabets, saying: "Who created your alphabet or translated the books?", Everyone knows and in response they will say: "St. Constantine the Philosopher, called Cyril, he created the alphabet for us and translated the books and his brother Methodius. "And if you ask at what time, everyone knows and will say that during the time of the Greek Tsar Michael and Boris the Bulgarian prince (()"

Also important is the following passage of the work:

"And so many in many years have barely collected the 38 letters. Then, after many years, 70 men were found by God's command to translate from Hebrew to Greek [the Bible]. And the Slavic books by St. Constantine himself, called Cyril, translated them and he created the letters in a few years: those many, 7 people, and for many years created their letters, and 70 - the translation. Therefore, the Slavic letters are holier and more reverent, because a holy man created them, and the Greek - Hellenic Gentiles. "

Comparing the creation (invention) of the Slavic alphabet with that of the Greek, Chernorizets Hrabar points out the advantages of the first native. At first, the Greeks did not have their own alphabet, but used Phoenician scripts. Then whole 70 wise men translate the Holy Scriptures from Hebrew into Greek, thus gradually adapting the Greek letters, until St. Constantine Cyril the Philosopher himself, in a short time, created the Slavic script. Moreover, the creator of Slavic writing is a saint, while the creators of Greek are Gentiles. All these facts serve to show the dignity of the Bulgarian and the native to the foreign, in this case - the Greek.

In the Boril Synod, from the thirteenth century, a proud expression of the power of the Bulgarian ruler Ivan Assen II.

“The great and pious king Ivan Assen, son of the old king Assen, who, having a great love for God, glorified and enlightened the Bulgarian kingdom more than all the Bulgarian kings who were before him, who created monasteries and adorned them with rich gold, pearls and precious stones, and all the holy and divine churches endowed with many gifts and declared complete freedom for them, and all the priestly ranks - bishops, priests and deacons - were honored with great honor. Moreover, he was keen to restore the patriarchate of the Bulgarian kingdom. "

In addition to the blasphemous work of the king, the king's greatness, expressed in the fact that "the Bulgarian patriarchate was restored," was emphasized. Obviously, there is a historical memory of a Bulgarian church of its own, and "the great and pious king Ivan Assen" is one because he manages to regain his right to exist. Thus a kind of legitimation of the Bulgarian in the eyes and of the Bulgarians is achieved.

In a later supplement to the Synod of Boril, dating from the fall of Bulgaria under Ottoman rule, we take into account the recognition of the descendants of the martyrdom for the Bulgarian faith, who lost their lives in "evangelism" and gave resistance to Islam:

“(To) all Bulgarian metropolitans and bishops, archimandrites and abbots who died in evangelism, their eternal memory!

(To) all boyars, small and large, supporters and contributors of the gospel and friends of the holy and divine church of the Bulgarian kingdom, their eternal memory!

(Na) Semir, Ioncho, Dobromir, Ivansho and all who together with them have shown courage against the ungodly Turks and shed their blood for the Orthodox Christian faith, their eternal memory! "

In the notes of monk Isaiah from 1371, we can see the sealed horror of ordinary Bulgarians in the face of the Turkish invasion. The monk shares:

"This book of St. Dionysius, I began to translate in good times, when the divine churches and the Holy Mountain flourished like paradise, like a constantly irrigated garden. However, I did it during the most evil of all evil times, when God had poured out His wrath on Christians from the western countries (referring to Christians from the Balkans). Indeed, then the living prevailed upon the dead earlier. And believe me, not me who is ignorant of all things, but also a wise man among the Greeks, Lebanon, could not in writing present the need that the Christians of the Western countries were meeting. "

The Drinov Collection and Synodic (16th Century) contains a monument to the Bulgarian kings. There we read about “Ivan Assen, the Bulgarian king, who freed the Bulgarian race from Greek affairs. Theodore, named Peter, his brother and king. Kaloyan, king and his brother, won many victories over the Greeks and Franks. "

Another valuable document with rich historical content is the Slavic translation of the chronicle of the Byzantine writer Konstantin Manasii, the so-called. The Manasseh Chronicle. This translation was commissioned by the Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Alexander (1331 - 1371). It was intended to acquaint the Bulgarians with their glorious past, arousing in them pride and love for the country. The Chronicle contains 70 miniature color drawings. Among them are images of Krum, Simeon, Ivan Alexander, the march of the Russians in Bulgaria, the wars against Vasily II the Bulgarian killer and others. Apparently Ivan Alexander correctly took into account the impact of this chronicle on his countrymen, since even today people are not indifferent to the drawing of Krum from the toast with his dyes after the victory over Nicephorus Genik or to the miniature with the Baptism of the Bulgarian people.

In Bulgarian hagiographical literature (among the lives of the saints) we also perceive fragmentary but indisputable patriotic taxes. Mention is made of the "glorious city of Turnov", ie the capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom is directly recognized. In the life of the world Petka, from the Ljubljana collection, we read about the "glorious city of Turnov", about the "great glorified city". Of particular interest is the same life in the Koprivshtitsa collection from the 17th century, which states:

"Ivan Assen, son of the old king Assen, held the kingdom firmly then, and was not at all afraid of the French who had taken Constantinople, but he decided to raise his army and capture the wicked, and conquer much land. And he jumped heroically, at the will of God, and accepted the Macedonian land, and Sir and the Mount of Athos, that is, the Holy Mountain. "The exploits of Ivan Assen II (1218 - 1241) definitely provoke the approval of the writer.

In the lives of Saints Nicholas and Georgi Novi Sofia the feat of the Bulgarian martyrs for the Christian faith serves as an example. For them both, Paisii Hilendarski will write that "the wicked Turks suffered in the kingdom of Selimovo."

It is true that medieval literature is not dominated by stereotypes that are close and contemporary to us, in this sense it seems somewhat distant and alien. But we see that the patriotic feeling among the Bulgarians "from that time" is present, it should not be neglected, because it integrates these people with us in order to bind us to a historically formed community that went through the vicissitudes of time and survived .

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