If you ever make your way to Moldova, be sure to visit the Bulgarian library "Hristo Botev" in Chisinau. The small but neat library is located on Grigore Viru Street No. 27 and is located on the ground floor of a four-story building, probably built in the 60's of the last century. For the past 27 years, the flame of love for Bulgarian has been kindling here, no matter how banal it may sound. Because new and complex metaphors are not needed for the true values ​​associated with Bulgaria and the Bulgarian spirit. Is there love for the ancestral land, do not the coals in the father's hearth quench, that means that Bulgarians in Moldova will always carry Bulgaria in their hearts.


Hristo Botev Library has sheltered under its wing the Bulgarian Sunday School, where for five years now children and adults have been studying Bulgarian language and literature. The book center is also a favorite place for the members of the Scientific Society of Bulgarians in the Republic of Moldova, because there are scientific conferences, meetings, literary readings, significant Bulgarian holidays and anniversaries. A group of authentic Bulgarian folklore called "Charcoal" gathers for rehearsals in the library. Charcoal - a piece of burned wood that continues to burn before turning to ash.


When I first attended a concert of a folk group, I was very impressed with the age diversity of the performers, the colorful folk costumes and the bright yellow headscarves and, of course, the magic of the performance. Grandmothers sang with their grandchildren, mothers and fathers excited for their children, friends joining in and inviting with passion. The most fun were the gestures that made the songs a real dramatization. It is difficult to describe in words something that needs to be seen and heard, not to mention the specific pronunciation and the old texts that have preserved the linguistic features of the Bulgarian speech from 200 years ago. Authentic, genuine, sincere, wise and funny at the same time, the songs of the Bessarabian Bulgarians interweave in a wonderful bouquet of melodies and words filled with love and sadness.

# newsletter

# our roots

The goblins in the Bulgarian folk beliefs

The goblins in the Bulgarian folk beliefs

In the ideas of the Bulgarians of the XNUMXth century, a goblin is "an evil spirit that appears as a shadow at night on large buildings." The goblins walk until the roosters sing. In the ideas of the Bulgarians of the XNUMXth century, a goblin is an "evil spirit that appears as a shadow at night on large buildings" ....

He is the creator and leader of Carbon Anna Pagour - an extremely active and I would say attractive Bulgarian, tireless and dedicated to the noble cause - to preserve and pass on to the young the spiritual heritage of the Bessarabian Bulgarians in Moldova. She shares that the ensemble was created spontaneously in the distant 1988 year:


We gathered at my home and realized we were an ensemble because we had interesting invitations to participate in the district competition festivals and temple festivities in the neighboring villages. At that time we were rehearsing a lot to stage the traditional Bulgarian wedding. Then, back in Soviet times, the chairman of the party organization Georgiy Slafenko asked me to prepare a concert program for Raikoma (regional committee - ed.) And his colleagues from the Cantemir region. I agreed to the only condition - to allow everyone to attend our rehearsals.


At the time, Anna Pagur was working as a paramedic and educator at the school in the village of Plopi, Cantemir. Children from the neighboring villages also study at the school. The little Bulgarians come to Anna's medical office just to communicate with her in Bulgarian. She befriends not only the children but also their parents. The school was central and experimental, it had three buses for children, an assembly hall and wonderful working conditions.


In the assembly hall of the school, Anna recalls, we did a great show with detailed re-enactments of wedding customs: from wedding to sweet rakia. We had many spectators and even more participants with wedding roles and replicas. The newlyweds were Vasil and Anna Mikhailovi - they are alive and well and have created a good family.


Anna Pagour takes on the role of an educator and introduces the children to the children's magazines Slaveyche and Druzhinka, the popular humorous newspaper Strasshel and Bulgarian folk tales. Step by step she tries to involve the children in the Bulgarian literature and to deepen their love for the native Bulgaria.


My father, Ivan Peykov - continues his story Anna Pagur - specially subscribed to periodicals in Bulgaria. We really enjoyed the children's magazines, we grew up with them and it's good that I have kept them to this day. But her children hardly understood the literary Bulgarian language. They carried notebooks, notebooks and made dictionaries with unknown Bulgarian words.


The folklore ensemble's activities are carried out in secret, without being advertised, because the parents fear that they will have trouble with the authorities. At that time the celebration of the traditional Bulgarian holidays was forbidden.


Under great secrecy we learned a few Lazarus songs and we went around the village of Taraklia (Kantemir region) by bus and the village "guide" - the driver Ivan Bishir. In the evening we went to an interesting grandmother Melana. She was very happy, but she said to me emphatically: “Ano, don't be angry with me, but that's it, that's us! Let me tell you how to play Lazarus! ”


Anna Pagour remembers being "lazy" every year in her village of Viktorovka. They only went to relatives and acquaintances because of the ban. It was not until the 50 years that Bulgarian holidays began to be celebrated freely.


The next Butterfly tradition - Anna explains - we decided with the children to prepare it with the parents, but in the village the tradition was forgotten. One of the parents invited a photojournalist, Michael Dunlakie, from the Svetly Put district newspaper. He made a photo report and they started talking more about us. The Bulgarian television show "On the Budjak wave" by TV Moldova 1, led by its editor-in-chief, Mrs. Maria Velixar, made several shows with us.

Part of the members of the Carboniferous (on the right is the director of the Bulgarian Library "Hristo Botev" Angela Olarescu)

Thus the popularity of the ensemble begins to grow. On October 1, 1996, when the Bulgarian school in Chisinau was dedicated, the ensemble presented a special folklore program. Anna Pagur attracts many students from this school to the idea of ​​preserving and promoting Bulgarian folklore. Applause and rewards are not delayed.


In March 1993, the ensemble received the title "People" from the Ministry of Culture of Moldova. National and international competitions are won. But Anna Pagur will always remember the month of September 1997, when the ensemble for the first time became the winner of the International Folklore Festival "Dobrudja sings and dances" in Varna. Now the ensemble is smaller, but there are many performances in Moldova and abroad.


In a special way, with many guests and a rich table, are celebrated the great Christian holidays such as Christmas, Babinden, Tsvetnitsa, Easter and others. Singers and guests rejoice all the time, and when only women gather, "dirty" anecdotes can be heard. I will not forget Babinden's mention when paying tribute to the midwife at birth. Ritual actions are carried out consistently and precisely, as the old Bulgarians in Moldova did for years. The "smoking" of the guests, the ritual washing of the hands of the grandmother (Anna Pagur), who guesses with coins what child (male or female) will be born in the family. Prayers are spoken, songs are sung, women's stories are told, and in the meantime, a teddy boy is passed from hand to hand between guests. According to Anna Pagur, this ordinance is loaded with great power because it has helped many women obtain a birth.


I wish Anna Pagur to find the time and take care of the publication of a collection of authentic Bulgarian folklore from Budjaka, which her girls from the group fill with such love and fervor. I wish Anna Pagur had aides and as many enthusiastic followers as she could for the Bulgarians in Moldova as much as her, that even more. To sing in due course the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of the Bulgarians in Bessarabia:


Smoke plays under the willow
most most most…
Frogs have collected:
You didn't have her in Sal:
My mother and I were washing
Her grandmother paid her
And I trick her students:
Kuga you go to a cottage,
oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, hop-trope!
We are with Louis du Kum, the best най
do you knock pu nus!

The goblins in the Bulgarian folk beliefs

The goblins in the Bulgarian folk beliefs

In the ideas of the Bulgarians of the XNUMXth century, a goblin is "an evil spirit that appears as a shadow at night on large buildings." The goblins walk until the roosters sing. In the ideas of the Bulgarians of the XNUMXth century, a goblin is an "evil spirit that appears as a shadow at night on large buildings" ....

Homemade Easter cake

Homemade Easter cake

There are two ways to prepare this Easter cake. recipe: Nelly Chalakova Necessary products for the dough: 500 g flour300 ml. fresh milk (slightly warmed) 100 g butter (melted) 100 g sugar 3 pcs. eggs (yolk only) 7 g dry yeast (or 20 g fresh ...

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This