Each long period in the Bulgarian past is accompanied by ups and downs, the extent of which is difficult to measure. Which event is more glorious than another, or among the profane which is the greater? These are questions of interpretation that worry historians. And yet, history is not just about / for historians. How do lovers make their graduation events significant?

In my opinion, the significant events in Bulgarian history are as great as their international response. That, on the one hand. On the other hand, the events and personalities in Bulgarian history have left a stronger impression on the history of other peoples. In other words - there are some things from the Bulgarian past that excite people far beyond the circle of speaking Bulgarian and other things that are more for "local" use, awakening the native unrest.

For foreigners, for example, the problems surrounding the heterogeneous origin of Slavic or Proto-Bulgarian tribes may not be so important. Neither did the defeat of the Byzantines of Krum at the Varbish Pass or the construction of Omurtag. Or other different military victories in recent times ...

What, then, are events of native history that bring us closer together and relate to other peoples and which receive greater attention?

First of all, this is the Cross. Secondly, the acceptance of the Slavic-Bulgarian alphabet. Third, the first peak in the development of ancient Bulgarian culture and literature since the Golden Age of Simeon the Great. And on the fourth - the second peak in the development of Bulgarian culture and literature, the "pre-Renaissance" trends from the fourteenth to fifteenth centuries. Of course, all these events are connected with specific personalities. It became clear that these personalities are of supranational importance - their deeds are important to us as well as to other peoples. They attach the Bulgarian and the native to the European. They have played a unifying role in the history of Europe. Therefore, they can be conditionally referred to as the "most European" personalities of Bulgaria.

One such person is Gregory Zamblak. To say that he is "forgotten" and "neglected" in this background seems very wrong. How could a person of such rank and with such merit be forgotten? Let's pay more attention to them today.

Without being a big fan of updating, I will now allow myself to draw a few parallels between "then" and "now". At a time when they were not giving away the Nobel Prize for Literature, Bulgarian Gregory Tsamblak did everything to deserve one. There is and has never been a Bulgarian writer with such "influence" and "connections abroad". No Bulgarian writer was as respected abroad as Zamblak. No one has enjoyed his prestige and ability to determine the trends in the development of all Slavic literature in general.

Tsamblak is the author of one of the most enduring metaphors in Bulgarian literature. We all react today when the expression "drunkenness of a people" comes to us, knowing that these are the preparations for the April Uprising described in Vazov's Under the Yoke. But we also all know about the protector of Turnovo from the Turks - Patriarch Evtimii. The executioner's hand, trying to cut down the Bulgarian patriarch, stiffened. Almost everyone knows this story. It must be known that this "story" of Euthymius is from the "Praiseworthy Word of St. Euthymius", and its author is precisely Gregory Zamblak. What does Zamblak's metaphor mean for the executioner's fossilized hand? Today we can understand it this way: the Bulgarian people have always had and will have their protectors from the clergy, such as Evtimii, and in more recent times - Hilarion Makariopolski, Exarch Antim I, Exarch Joseph I, etc. And the "executioners" of the Bulgarian national leaders will not be able to kill them (their hand will be stoned), because the Bulgarian people will never be deprived of their leaders. This conclusion gives Zamblak's metaphor a lasting meaning. Here is the commentary on life:

"This was what the wise (Patriarch Euthimius) had said and called upon the executioner and bowed his head, stretching his neck with readiness. And he came and was ready to deal the deadly blow. But the One Who once struck and motioned the hand of that lawless king who had prostrated himself to capture the Prophet, and this killing right had likewise become motionless and incapable of action, as if it were some dead man's hand, clinging to a living and moving body. . (…)

Did you see - as I said before - that the evil devil is defeated and overthrown by what he intends to defeat the great men. Here, then, again, our father broke his imaginary power and put him to shame before his hour of death. "

Now a few words about the personality, abilities and activities abroad of Gregory Zamblak. Gregory Zamblak is a writer of Bulgarian, Romanian, Serbian and Russian literature. This means that his work is studied and taught by scholars in each of these four Orthodox countries. There was a special reciprocity between the literatures of these countries then (XIV - XV cc.), Which is not characteristic of today's literatures. Yet, to emphasize, it is precisely our country, Bulgaria, which becomes the center from which education in other Slavic languages ​​begins to spread.

In order to make Bulgaria such a center (as it used to be, but at the time of Simeon's Golden Age), four people in particular contributed - Patriarch Evtimii, Theodosius Turnovski, Konstantin Kostenechki and Grigory Zamblak. These people, who belong to the Tarnovo Literary School, set the literary standards of the era throughout the Orthodox Slavic-speaking world. They "teach" others how to write, update the translated literature, strive for sophistication in stylistics (influenced by Hesychism) and have a leadership role in the development of Slavic literature.

These facts, expressing the paramount importance of Bulgarian literature, make Academician Dmitry Lihachov write that in the fourteenth century Bulgaria became the main center from which Byzantine cultural influence penetrated Serbia and Russia to enrich these countries and their peoples. All this would not have been possible without the work of the great Gregory Zamblak.

Tsamblak is a Bulgarian native, grew up in Tarnovo, in a prominent boyar family. Born around 1365, he is a disciple of Patriarch Evtimius, to whom he later dedicates a commendable word. Most probably he was not in Turnovo at the time of his capture by the Turks (1393). At the beginning of the 90s, the name Gregory was worshiped and adopted. During this time he ventured briefly to the monasteries of Sveta Gora. Then he followed the patriarch of Constantinople. He is bound by the literary tradition of Serbia due to his residence in the Decani Monastery, where he is abbot. He writes "A story about the transfer of the relics of Petko Turnovska from Vidin and Serbia" and "The Wonderful Life of Stefan Decani" (later a work inspired by his stay in Serbia). This is where his immense literary talent stands out for the first time. Later, as a Metropolitan preacher at St. John the Baptist "in Suceava, was sent by the Patriarch of Constantinople to the Moldovan capital. Here he writes "The Torture of John Novi Sucavski (Belgrad)" - the first saint martyr of the Romanian church, with whom Zamblak remains forever in the Romanian literary tradition.

Around 1406, Metropolitan Kyprian of Kiev, who is most likely his relative, also of the Zamblak clan, summons him to assist him in a mature church dispute. Gregory Zamblak is already a famous and respected name throughout the Orthodox world. Around 1409, he wrote a "Commendable Word for Cyprian", which also became part of the Russian literary tradition.

Thanks to Gregory Tsamblak at the end of XIV and in the XV century Bulgarian glory spread to the whole world. Experts define the patriotism, the love for the enslaved Bulgaria as the basis of his creative work, along with the exquisite and vivid style of his writing. Therefore, it can be rightly said that Gregory Tsamblak is the last Bulgarian "glow before sunset" in the subsequent slave darkness.

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