Germany has suspended the use of coal to produce electricity by 2038, with the possibility of early implementation of the plan in 2035. This decision came after more than 20-hour negotiations in a government-appointed committee. It includes representatives of the federal and local governments of the coal regions, business, citizens and the non-governmental sector, including Greenpeace - Germany, BUND, Klima-Allianz Deutschland. The plan also includes huge investments aimed at rebuilding coal-dependent regions and transitioning to the use of energy from renewable sources.

50 000 participants demonstrate at Hambacher Wald near Koeln-Buir

Greenpeace and nature's friends in Germany are calling for climate protection and a quick end to coal use. They require the RWE energy group to permanently stop the felling of trees in the Hambach forest.

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Greenpeace - Bulgaria and the Environmental Association for Earth believe that the consensus reached is an important step, but 2038 is a very late date and the targets set are not sufficient to meet the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. According to scientists, coal use around the world should be significantly reduced by 2030 in order to limit global warming.


"Germany is finally starting to wake up from hibernation and take measures to get out of its coal dependency and secure a future for its coal regions after the end of this era. Although not ambitious enough, the agreement reached is an important signal for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe as well as the rest of the world. It is time for Germany to regain its leadership position and lead the world to a just transition beyond coal, "said Meglena Antonova of Greenpeace, Bulgaria.


Greenpeace International Executive Director Jennifer Morgan said that "Germany deserves respect for the plan, but the deadline set is not enough to protect Germany and other countries from the dangerous effects of climate change. The huge forest fires, devastating storms and other manifestations of change should not be underestimated by governments, but should be a motivation for action. "


The historic consensus also stipulates that no new coal power plants will be built and that the centuries-old Hambach Forest will be preserved.


The first step in the proposed plan is to close close 13 GW capacity to 2022, the equivalent of 24 large power plants. It is planned that by 2030 the coal capacity will be reduced by more than half to 17 GW [4]. The implementation of the recommendations is in the hands of the federal government, which has to turn them into law and local authorities to start implementing them.


"Currently, Bulgaria remains the only coal-dependent EU country that refuses to reform the sector and does not undertake transition programs. The result of this inaction will be a future collapse for the coal regions, such as Bob Bob, for example, which will be left to mark the end of the coal era without any policies to soften the blow. Bulgaria is constantly vindicating that Germany does not have the wealth to make the transition to a low carbon economy, but it pours hundreds of millions a year into the gradually declining coal industry. At the same time, it is financing unprofitable and preconditioning gas and nuclear projects that will weigh on the pocket of at least another generation in the future, ”commented Genadi Kondarev of the Environmental Association for Earth.
Bulgaria needs to take Germany's decision seriously and start planning its participation in coal restructuring programs. Last week, the line ministry proposed a project on an Integrated Energy and Climate Plan. It is a good opportunity to plan our date for coming out of coal dependency and to begin shifting towards decentralization and renewable energy production by people who are the focus of a modern energy system.

With the coal exit agreement, Germany, the sixth largest in the world in carbon emissions and with Europe's most powerful coal industry, shows that a transition to renewable energy is possible and inevitable. Thus, the leading European power stands next to the UK (2025), the Netherlands (2029), Italy (2025), Denmark (2030), Finland (2029) and others who have already set dates for discontinuation of coal [5]. At the same time, Germany's plans to shut down all its nuclear power plants by the end of 2022 remain.

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