Even among the world's most talented writers, few are able to inspire their reader with genuine sadness and hopelessness. Enchantingly tell "how ugly the earth is and how miserable people are" (according to Smirnensky's Tale of the Ladder). In our literature, the best of its kind is Ivaylo Petrov. In his novel, The Wolf Wolf man to man is a wolf, and animal instinct reigns in the midst. In the modern world of literature, I would distinguish a writer whose pessimism is so prevalent that it engulfs its reader. I will tell more about it, because it serves as a good example for all modern Bulgarian masters of the story - from Georgi Stamatov to Vasil Popov.

This is about Guy de Maupassant - one of the most virtuous storytellers ever born. His strange destiny, filled with misery, tumultuous ups and downs, is an inexhaustible source of creative inspiration. It is worth recalling because it would be a great storyline or script for Hollywood production. Mopasan's biography is the story of an infinitely miserable person. Already at 34, having intimacy with about 300 women, he is making the awful confession: "I've never loved!"

The stories are the element of the writer Mopasan. Leaves close to 300 in number. In this genre, his rivals in skill are only Anton Chekhov and O. Henry. Chekhov himself admired the work of the brilliant Frenchman:

"Now everyone started writing great, there are no bad writers at all ... And do you know who made this turn? Maupassant. As a painter of words, he made such huge demands that it was impossible to write in a single day. "

Guy de Maupassant was born on 5 on August 1850. He originates from an old noble family from Normandy, northern France. She grows up in a family-poisoned poisoned family. He is much attached to his mother and younger brother, Herve. Extremely estranged from his inferior father, Gustave de Maupassant. His whole life has been tormented by the suspicion that Gustave is not his real father. He and his mother failed to get along. They eventually split in 1860 when he was just 10 years old. He inherits his maternal character, characterized by nervous behavior and unprovoked angry outbursts. He has sown the seed of madness, it is a matter of circumstance whether it will sprout and bear fruit. His uncle suffers from a rare mental illness autoscopy: he sees himself on the side, as a double, in which he panics.

As a young Guy, he was raised by his uncle, Abbot Loazel, for whom he hates religion and god forever. "He made us learn by heart the names of the dead written on black wooden crosses," the writer recalls after a while.

"Do you know how I perceive God? A murderous thirst for death, hiding in space to create beings and destroy them, maim them, impose all kinds of suffering on them, strike them with all kinds of diseases, like a tireless destroyer. Only animals know nothing about this ferocity because they are ignorant of the law of death that threatens them as much as we do. If I believed in the god of our religions, how much would I hate him forever. "(Maupassant)

Maupassant's art world is cruel and absolutely pessimistic. In it, man is doomed to loneliness and boredom. "Life is a snare, love is a deception, and God, if it exists at all, must be some kind of executioner." Maupassant's great pessimism has many sources. One is too acute sensitivity in early childhood. Little Guy falls in love with the beautiful Parisian Fanny. He composes poems for her, which he presents to her. And what a horror it is when he inadvertently hears Fanny reciting her verses with derision in front of a giggling group of mockers. Something beautiful breaks in him forever. The romantic "dies" before he has fully developed. Subsequently, Guy began to choose the women in his life, it is said, "how to choose a cutlet in the butcher's shop, without caring about anything but the quality of the flesh." He began to profess the following cynical maxim: "Beauty is just a tool for torture in the hands of a woman. "

Just in his twenties, Guy experienced the greatest drama of his life. He took part in the war against Prussia, which ended with a complete pogrom for France (1870-1871). From what he had experienced and seen in the war, he emerged emotionally and mentally shaken forever. After the war, however, happy years followed for him. He became close to his literary idol, the author of Madame Bovary and Educating the Feelings, Gustave Flaubert. Flaubert introduced him to the literary life of France. Before the war, Maupassant studied law for a year, but dropped out due to lack of funds. After returning from the front, he entered the civil service. Flaubert assisted him in his appointment to the Ministry of Education.

After 1880, Maupassant appeared with a bang on the literary scene in France. At the end of his life he will say: "I entered literature like a meteor: I will come out like lightning." His successful creative years were the 1880s, his talent covering only a decade of the history of French literature. Maupassant is not just a successful writer. He gets rich from writing. He wastes his money without caring about people's opinions. He is a bright individualist: "I do not want to accept the established compulsions that try to make me think like the others." He buys two yachts - "Bell ami" and "Bell ami 2". Meanwhile, he pulls his family out of a difficult financial situation, which in his youth did not even allow him to study at university.

One of our longtime writers, Yordan Radichkov, in an interview says that there has never been a Bulgarian who can only support himself by writing literature. In Bulgaria, this was not possible until this is how the huge French literary market makes Guy de Maupassant a rich man.

His money allows him to buy many favors from any woman - from noble ladies to prostitutes. It soon becomes clear that he is suffering from syphilis, which he contracted from a young age. This disease damages his already unstable psyche. Maupassant really flies out like lightning, not only from literature but also from life. He is smart enough to foretell his near end.

"I constantly have the terrible anticipation of a threatening danger, fear of impending misery or near death, a premonition, which is probably the expectation of an unknown disease yet, whose embryo develops in my blood and in my flesh. Someone owns and rules my soul. "(Maupassant)

A mental disorder first takes away the mind of his beloved brother Hervé, who became terminally ill and died in psychiatry. He never forgets his last meeting with Hervé. "He recognized me perfectly, cried, hugged me a hundred times and wanted to leave with me. When he was refused to accompany me to the station, he began to moan so terribly that I could not help but cry. After his uncle and brother, Guy is the third in the family to be defeated by the mental disorder. According to his greatest biographer, Guy never managed to cope with the double shock of the war and the defeat in which he took part in 1870-1871. The young soldier, severely traumatized by the defeat, came to life in the worst crisis. That is why one should not fight at the age of 20. In moments of greatest crisis, Guy returned to that time and began shouting at his servant Francois: "Let's go! Let's go! War has been declared! "

Guy de Maupassant received a lot of critical acclaim during his lifetime. Sometimes, however, critical voices are heard. He is accused of being an intuitive writer who can tell beautiful stories, but is deprived of great intellectual abilities and a rich general culture. In this regard, Alphonse Dode summarizes: "In Maupassant coexists a good writer, a fool and a great patient." The fact that "does not understand" literature, but simply creates it, is also somewhat a myth. To overthrow him, Maupassant left a critical legacy. Thus he takes revenge on those who reproach him, to put it bluntly, that he is too stupid and superficial to be recognized as a great writer. In a letter to the poet Maurice Wecker, Maupassant wrote, "Great effects can only be achieved by simple and well-organized means." Therefore, he strives to write simply and express his thoughts clearly, without manners or intoxication with his words.

"The essence of language is to be clear, logical and flexible." (Maupassant)

Maupassant insists that he not be bound by any literary school, political party, religion, or anything that would limit him and make him feel shackled. According to him, gifted writers have never been realists or naturalists, but rather illusionists. Because the purpose of great works is to create an "illusion of the world." After all, like Balzac and his "Human Comedy," Maupassant paints a detailed picture of public life in late nineteenth-century France. A guiding principle in public relations is "The end justifies the means." Said the Fat Ball. Maupassant is an artist of his time: "Our time is a blessed age for scoundrels and thugs with unknown incomes."

Because of all that has been said here, we should not blame Mopasan for his pessimism, but simply read it and enjoy the talent. "Guy de Maupassant never caressed us. He has never had the restraint to sharpen our optimism and hurt our dream of an ideal. And he always put forth so much honesty that we can't be angry with him. Moreover, he is not mind-blowing: he is neither thin nor playful. But that is why he has such a powerful talent, such wonderful boldness, that we have to let him speak and write. ”(Anatoly France)

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