When we read or listen to the opinions of historians about the distinguished historical figures of our time, we sometimes feel that we are witnessing praiseworthy words characteristic of the Middle Ages. Modern praise words abound with superlatives and all sorts of praise. It happens that what a historian told or wrote about Levski, Benkovski, Karavelov, Stambolov differs from what his historian or his colleague told or told only in the number of epithets and comparisons. This, of course, is a little annoying and in the hagiographical genre (lives of saints, praiseworthy words) Bulgaria reached its peaks long ago - even with Evtimii Turnovski and Gregory Zamblak. Today's short, commendable words can hardly rival the artistry of the works of those Bulgarian medieval authors.

I am of the opinion that one should not overdo praise when it comes to saints. It is true that in Bulgarian magazine we have undertaken to revive the memory of deserving Bulgarian writers and patriots, which implies that we should praise some people for their useful work. For this personally, I will strive to say something by myself, something that expresses my view of the events and that engages the readers of Bulgarka magazine in some way. The idea is that the works of great personalities will "touch" us to change everyone for the better, with a good example in front of us. Our common ambition is to avoid the clichés that are shaken up in pain, and to show that things in history are both interesting and useful.

Following these arrangements, I will proceed to the descriptions and deeds of a person who is often overwhelmed by superlatives. This is the famous Bulgarian voivode and revolutionary Boris Sarafov, brother of artist Krustyo Sarafov. The best definition for him was given by the people - he is a "star person". Thus, in Macedonia, they say of a person destined to command and take over the masses. Boris is like the hero in the folk tale, born with a star on his forehead, who was the greatest and most famous hero on earth. This young man roamed the earth to measure strength with others like him, and defeated them all. The biggest, strongest and boldest voivode is the one born with a "star on the forehead." Such a charming image, like a fairy-tale hero, was to those around Boris Sarafov.

He was born in Libyahovo, Gotse Delchev, on 12 June 1872. He graduated from Thessaloniki Bulgarian Men's High School in 1890 and in the same year entered the Military School in Sofia. In 1893 he was promoted to officer (Lieutenant) and since then, on his death on November 28, 1907 has been on fire in the fight for freedom. He is among the first apostles of the Bulgarian National Liberation Movement after 1878. If we are to liken it to one of the Bulgarian National Liberation Movements before 1878 by temperament, then to me Boris Sarafov is closest to Georgi S. Rakovski. Like Rakovski, he is a highly adventurous character, very energetic, smart and a good interlocutor, able to please and be accepted in any society. He liked to enter into negotiations and threw himself into controversy, which he usually won. Wherever he went he attracted attention. He is the first Bulgarian to attract public opinion, through the world media, to the difficult participation of his compatriots in Macedonia. And if the Bulgarians in Macedonia could be Ferdinand, then the prince should be right with Boris Sarafov. That's what they call him - the Prince. But make it clear that this prince was not of the meek.

Even if it were, even just because it presented to the world in a romantic light the fight against oppression and the impulse for freedom in Macedonia, it would have been enough to remain in Bulgarian history forever. But Boris Sarafov does a lot more. Like any organized popular movement that has set itself the goal of obtaining liberation, the Bulgarian National Liberation Movement in Macedonia and Thrace has in its ranks representatives who could be divided into two large groups - "Daskalis" (People's Enlighteners) and "Haiduts". (armed fighters). We can call Daskali the people of the word, and the haiduts the people of the weapon. The Daskalas are in close contact with the Bulgarian Exarchate because all Bulgarian schools in Macedonia and Thrace after 1878 remain under its spiritual tutelage. Among the "Daskalians" are the names of Dame Gruev, Simeon Radev, Ivan Garvanov and others. The Daskalians, in addition to being teachers, also appear as publicists (Simeon Radev, Hristo Silyanov): write articles and books describing Bulgarian woes in the liberated part of European Turkey.

The so-called "haiduts" are also not homogeneous - there are self-organized robbery units, such as the famous Apostle Petkov "The Sun of the Enidward"who have been fed up of haughtiness over time. And the other armed men who did not "catch the forest" to engage in robbery - these are men with military skills sent by Mother Bulgaria or to liberate Macedonia and Thrace from foreign power or die. These not many military instructors play a key role in building the so-called. "Chetnik Institute" in Macedonia. What is meant by this?

Such civilian instructors are needed to teach the civilian population to fight and survive in military conditions. These are people who have received military training in Bulgaria and / or Russia and are accustomed to the military statute and military discipline. Some of them became famous voivodes, sung in folk songs and became legends. Marco Lerinski, Hristo Chernopeev, Tane Nikolov, Mihail Popeto… The main "culprit" for sending these military instructors, specifically to some of them (such as Chernopeev) and in specific regions of Macedonia, is Boris Sarafov. Sarafov enjoys great trust among the military circles of the Principality of Bulgaria and in the very court of Ferdinand. This gives him the opportunity to accomplish many of his ambitious endeavors.

For the first time, his star shone during the Melnik Action in 1895, when his squad managed to capture Melnik, which was then in Turkish territory. This action shows the potential of the Bulgarian state in support of the Chetnik actions. After that, Lieutenant-General Boris Sarafov grew his career in the various structures of the Bulgarians from Macedonia and Thrace. It differs greatly in the Ilinden - Transfiguration Uprising in 1903. The tragic thing about this great Bulgarian is that he becomes too passionate in the struggles for power and in the strife within the Bulgarian revolutionary organizations. In Bulgaria's Black 28 November 1907, Boris Sarafov and Ivan Garvanov were killed by Todor Panitza. This event is a turning point in the whole history of the Bulgarian National Liberation Movement after 1878.

Boris Sarafov's troops

More than a decade later, Simeon Radev will write:

“The memory of Boris Sarafov is so vivid that he does not need many words. His personality was, is, and is now legendary. Not only in Macedonia, but in all Bulgarian lands, all over Europe, even in America, his name came to life in loud publicity, and after his death he remained as the heroic personification of the Macedonian Revolution. Sarafov had everything that shines a national respect. He was a man of powerful temperament, he was created to lead people and masses; besides he was endowed with this rare gift of God: to like with his captivating community, with the cheerfulness of his spirit, with that kind of bold and beautiful courage that seemed in him and seemed irresistible to all. "Starred Man" - they said of him in Macedonia, ie. a person destined to command. This is the truest explanation for Sarafov's popularity - an extraordinary popularity that made his death a mournful mourning and gathered his capital across the coffin. "

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