Recently, the scientific community has come to believe that the proto-Bulgarians are mainly of Iranian (Sarmatian) origin, and only the ruling Dulo dynasty has Turkic roots. Such is the thesis of the unsurpassed specialist in proto-Bulgarian archeology Rasho Rashev. From the mentioned dynasty are the rulers of Old Great Bulgaria Kubrat and Batbayan, as well as the leaders of "our", Danube Bulgaria - Asparuh, Tervel, Cormesius and Sevar.


Now we will talk about the founder of the first political formation in which the proto-Bulgarians live united - Old Great Bulgaria. This man is Bat Organa, Kubrat's uncle and a forerunner of the Bulgarian state tradition.


Proto-Bulgarians are known in the sources at least from the IV century AD, but managed to create their own state only in the 30s of the VII century. During these three centuries the proto-Bulgarian tribes were repeatedly included, voluntarily or not, in foreign military tribal alliances. Pressed by the mighty Byzantium, they could not unite in one for a long time, but marched into the Eurasian space, fighting against different nationalities and with each other. In the second half of the XNUMXth century, the main proto-Bulgarian tribes, the Kutrigurs and Utigurs / Unogondurs, came under the rule of two powerful steppe empires - the Avar and Turkic Haganats. The Avars and the Turks actively used proto-Bulgarian military detachments in their constant conflicts with Byzantium.

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Byzantium, on its part, won over some proto-Bulgarian chiefs by encouraging them to accept Christianity and endowing them with noble Roman titles. The clear goal of the Byzantine chiefs to create a political crisis in the steppe empires was pursued. Such are the cases with the proto-Bulgarians Grod (528), Organa (619) and Kubrat, who were baptized in Constantinople.


Eventually, a separate political unit, known in history as Old Great Bulgaria (632), emerged among the possessions of the Avars and Turks. For the first time it united the various proto-Bulgarian tribes under the rule of one ruler, also called in the sources "prince of the Unogondurs". Bat Organa, Kubrat's uncle, has a great deal of credit for making all this happen. The clearly attested first rulers of many Bulgarians were Organa and Kubrat. Both maintained good relations with Byzantium, as evidenced by the title "patrician" received from Constantinople.


Only Christians have been awarded this title, which suggests that the Organ was also baptized in the Christian faith. According to most experts, this event occurred in 619, when the "Hun leader" was received in Constantinople and baptized personally by the brother of Emperor Heraclius (610-641) Theodore, and then produced in the title "patrician". A gold ring with a cruciform monogram, read as "Bat Organa Patricia", was found in the famous treasure of Kubrat, from Malaya Pereshchepina. Apparently, until his death, Kubrat kept the ring of his uncle and predecessor, the famous Organa, as a souvenir. Probably the Authority is the one known in the "Name Book of the Bulgarian Rulers" - "The Deputy Gostun". He is called a "deputy" because he rules the Bulgarians instead of the minor Kubrat.

Curiously and little is known, Bath Organa is more about Asian history than European history. Many researchers identify the Authority with the well-known Chinese source Mohodu-heu, who is the son of the great Turkic kagan Kara-Churin and Tunshehu's uncle. This leader became involved in the dynastic strife in the kaganate, where the Dulu tribal alliance was pushed out of power by the Nushibi and Ashina clans. The body took an active part in the Turkish civil wars. In the Turkic Haganate, he rose to the position of "little khan" or "selifa", and was temporarily governor of the lands of present-day Western Kazakhstan, once called Siberia. This is the reason why the Authority is known by the nickname Kuylyug Sibir-kan. Some experts translate the name "Organa" from Turkic as "Red Khan".


After the lost power positions of the Dulu clan in the Turkic Haganate at the expense of the Nushibi clan, we see the Organ retreating to its western border, to the lands of the proto-Bulgarians. There, according to a Chinese source, around 626-630 he separated from the Haganah a "small khanate" and "declared himself the supreme khan, which the nobles were dissatisfied with."

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Most likely, these events reflect the separation of Old Great Bulgaria from the Western Turkic Haganate and the rule of the "Deputy Gostun" (Organa). According to most experts, the Doulou clan, led by the Authority, is identical to the Doulou clan, which in turn lays the foundations of Bulgarian statehood.


The fate of the Authority is interesting even after that, because, as mentioned, it is deeply connected with the political processes in the Turks. In 630, he sent a message to the Chinese emperor in an attempt to find an ally for his impending clash with the Nushibi clan. In the beginning of the civil war, Organa first defeated Nushibi and the Khazars, invading as far as Dzungaria, but later found his own death.


Old Great Bulgaria is largely a consequence of the actions of the Authority. This Turkic leader and his family stood at the head of the proto-Bulgarians and united them. This confirms the mentioned thesis of Rasho Rashev about the Turkic ruling elite among the proto-Bulgarians. With its activity Bat Organa deserves an honorable place in the long list of Bulgarian rulers.

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